The Testament of Manuela Mier: Miner and Azoguera from Oruro, 1805

María Concepción Gavira Márquez


This work aims to highlight women’s role in Andean colonial mining based on the transcription and commentary of Manuela Mier's will. Using the case of Manuela as example, our intention is to identify a group of women who worked as “azogueras” (quicksilver workers), “trapicheras”, and mine owners during the colonial period, activities which were usually ascribed to men. Notarial protocols represent an important source of documents to analyse the role of women in all areas, including colonial mining, as it will be addressed in this article.




Azogueras, colonial mining, Oruro, women



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Copyright (c) 2022 Maria Concepcion Gavira Marquez

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This journal is published by the University Library SystemUniversity of Pittsburgh as part of its D-Scribe Digital Publishing Program and is cosponsored by the University of Pittsburgh Press.

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